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EU Commission begins deficit sanction procedure for Spain

Source: Reuters - Sat 9th Jul 2016
EU Commission begins deficit sanction procedure for Spain

The European Commission began formal disciplinary procedures against Spain on Thursday for their excessive deficits in 2014 and 2015, which may lead to fines before the end of July.

With deficits greater than the EU's limit of 3% of GDP in the past 2 years, Spain has failed to correct the deficits quickly enough, the Commission said.

That triggered a process that may further complicate both the fiscal and the political situation. Or it may not - the sanctions have never before been applied, and it's not clear whether they will be imposed this time.

Spanish Economy Minister Luis de Guindos said his country should escape any sanction and would instead work with Brussels on a new deficit-cutting path.

"I am convinced this sanction will not happen, because Spain is the fastest-growing economy in the euro zone and it has passed more reforms than anybody else. It would be a nonsense," De Guindos told journalists at an event in Madrid.

"From there, a new fiscal path can be agreed and this is what is going to happen in the next few weeks," he said.

Even if the fines are canceled, some of the EU funds committed to Spain are likely to be suspended for at least a year in the event of a sanction decision, an EU executive document said. So Spain may have to do with less funding just as they are trying to make ends meet.

And Spain is coping with fragile political situations in trying to form a government after a second indecisive election in six months.

Spain could escape the fines and the suspension of EU funds if they show the rules were breached because of "exceptional economic circumstances". If they do not, and do not propose some corrective measures, fines up to 0.2% of GDP may be imposed.

The Commission's decision may re-ignite controversies over the fair application of EU fiscal rules, after bigger countries escaped sanctions in the past. Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said in May that France was granted budget leeway because "it's France", attracting criticism.

The Council of EU finance ministers will decide on the Commission's recommendation at their regular meeting on July 12, a spokeswoman for the EU's Slovak presidency told Reuters.

Ministers could reject the Commission's assessment only with a qualified majority of its members. That makes it unlikely the Council will oppose the Commission's recommendation. Assuming it does not, the Commission will have to propose sanctions "within 20 days," the EU executive said in a document.

Spain may therefore be fined by July 27, the last meeting of the European Commission before the summer break, an EU official told Reuters.

TO FINE OR NOT TO FINE

Before then, Spain has opportunity to show they faced exceptional economic circumstances. They can also offer corrective measures. They must act within 10 days of the Council's endorsement of the Commission decision.

"We are open for dialogue. The idea is that we are able to take onboard the arguments that the ministers provide," the EU commissioner for economic affairs Pierre Moscovici told a news conference in Brussels.

"Certainly there will be a possibility within this procedure for the countries to put forward motivated requests to reduce potential sanctions or probably even bring them down to zero," said Valdis Dombrovskis, the EU commissioner responsible for the euro.

The two countries have been under EU's excessive deficit procedure since 2009 because of surging fiscal gaps following the 2007-08 global financial crisis.

I n line with the procedure, the Commission set annual targets to gradually reduce the fiscal gap. But in 2014 and 2015, Spain missed the agreed objectives, maintaining deficits well above the 3% limit.

Last year, Spain had a 5.1% deficit, higher than the required 4.2%.

The Commission said Spain was "unlikely to correct its excessive deficit" by the deadline. It concluded that the country did not take effective action to remedy the situation.

Recommended Reading :

* Spain says will escape EU deficit sanction

* Rajoy asks EC to forgo deficit fine

Comment on this Story

 
Fining Spain? if they do then what should happen to Greece.....
Pessimistic - Mon, 11th Jul 2016