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Towing Trailers in Spain and the Law

- Updated: 10/11/2011
Towing Trailers in Spain and the Law

So what do you need to know about towing a trailer in Spain and the law ?

The very subject of bringing a trailer to Spain, or buying a trailer whilst you are here and then towing it legally is of course closely associated with the subject of the legality of tow bars on cars, and as such it is strongly recommended that anyone interested in this subject firstly familiarises themselves with such regulations by clicking the link HERE .

NOTE : This process below applies to trailers purchased in Spain - A UK bought trailer can not therefore be legally towed by a Spanish Car - If brought from the UK they will need to either (in the case of less than 750kg) have the Fichas drawn up and be homologated, or (in the case of More than 750kg) be Homologated, then legally imported and registered with the Spanish DGT, as with a car - Not a quick, easy or cheap process to have to go through !

Christmas Gift Lists

Trailers up to 750kg (Loaded)

- All trailers in Spain in this category are not required to be registered.

- Are required to have their own Fichas Tecnicas, separate to the towing vehicle.

- Are also required to hold a valid ITV in order to be road legal.

- Are not required to hold their own insurance.

- Are required to have the manufacturers plate affixed close to the Tow hitch.

*This applies to trailers for personal use only and not commercial use, which will be treated as below, regardless of weight.

Trailers Over 750kg (Loaded)

- All trailers in Spain in this category are required to be registered independently of the Towing Vehicle, showing red coloured plates.

- Are required to hold a valid ITV.

- Are required to clearly display the registration plates of the towing vehicle.

- Are required to have Insurance separate to the towing vehicle.

- Are subject to payment of road tax.

- Are required to have the manufacturers plate affixed close to the Tow hitch.

*Cars towing a trailer of any size are limited to 80km/h (50 mph) on dual carriageways and motorways, and 70km/h (44 mph) on all other roads.

*Any vehicle stopped by the Guardia for towing a trailer that does not comply with the law will not only have the appropriates fines and penalties applied to it, but the trailer will be unable to continue it's journey with the car and as such accrue fees with the GRUA for forward delivery.

*In case of a car towing a caravan/trailer exceeding 12m, there must be two yellow reflectors at the rear of the towed caravan or trailer.

*Using an 'A-Frame' to Tow another car is strictly forbidden.

Bringing a trailer to Spain that was manufactured and purchased in the UK can be hugely problematic, complying with the law on towing trailer in Spain can be a little confusing, but it is important to be aware of the differences between UK and Spanish law. Ignorance is no argument in the eyes of the authorities and the Guardia can and will stop and fine anyone that they see to be towing a trailer that is in breach of the law.

Comment on this Article

 
Excellent Feedback ! Thanks Ian.
Tumbit - Admin - Wed 26th Nov 2014
Just going through several versions of the truth on this question of trailers in Spain under 750kg. It seems one can go to a trailer dealer who might - might - for the right money give a paper whcih would satisfy the Gardia. Or go to an ITV station and get the real truth, which i am about to do. Remember - there are several autonomous communities in Spain, and umpteen other layers of government, all of which think they are in charge ! Best service I ever had was from a TUV centre rather than an ITV centre. Trailers of this kind do need to go through a form of registration once only ! I think ! Warning today is that they dont like French trailers. mine is an ERDE and Spain ITV definitely doesnt like those - although Spain does sell them !!! When one says 'a UK trailer' it is important to know what make it is, that it has the plate and an impression can be taken off the chassis as well. Car must be insured for towing, and towbar if fitted to a spanish car also MUST be on ficha tecnica.
Ian M Holland - Wed 26th Nov 2014
How do you homologate a UK trailer under 750kgs? is it that hard a process? thanks
Eddie Chappell - Sun 23rd Nov 2014
Further to a previous message about trailer weights, does anyone know of a list of approved weights for trailers with brakes - relating to cars registered in Spain. As the fisca tecnica states the approved weight, surely there must be a list - but , like finding a bus timetable - it also seems to be secret !
Ian M Holland - Tue 4th Nov 2014
According to the police and Guardia a trailer under 750kg does not require a valid itv just registration papers.
Mark Langton - Mon 16th Sep 2013
can l tow a Spanish trailer with a British Reg car? if the number plate is made in Spain on the trailer but a British reg. Because l am going back to live in UK
Richard Gibson - Fri 30th Aug 2013
Chris, I agree with you - but unfortunately so many EU Driving regulations allow the induvidual member states to apply each of them as they see fit. As this allows so much discrepancy from country to country, the fault - in my opinion at least - lies with the EU and not necessarily with the Spanish authorities.
Tyler - Wed 15th May 2013
I have read at length many forums relating to towing with an A frame in Spain in particular. Surely when the new braking laws come into force in 2014 it should apply europe wide? Another thought is that a towed car becomes a trailer when towed by an A frame as in the UK and must comply with trailer and towing laws in the country of origin. Would I be right in saying that a vehicle is self propelled and driven by an operator/driver where a trailer does not require a driver or operator but is "trailed" behind the self propelled vehicle?
Chris - Tue 14th May 2013
A- frames are not totally legal in the UK either. The police class them as coming under trailer regulations requiring over-run brakes, etc...
Gus-lopez - Tue 26th Mar 2013
Charles : Frustrating as it is, most of the EU's law on all thing Motoring, mean that the induvidual Member States are allowed to apply certain aspects of the law at their own discretion. Until the EU becomes more strict on this, Spain can hardly be blamed for not following how other EU member states may or may not chose to interpret the regulations.
Tumbit - Admin - Sun 17th Feb 2013
If any one questions why some Motorhomers needv to take cars to spain on holiday ... In my case I have 2 disabled people on board, when we arrive we park the motor home on site then we can enjoy the rest of Spain. It seems that Spanish car-caravan people can enoy their holidays - disabled or not - the law in Spain should be the same as EU law we are all Europeans !
Charles Piddington - Sun 17th Feb 2013
Lets hope somebody in power will be able to change this fact in 2013-14 amedments. ( Fact) : I have towing my car on all fores for 6 years to and from spain and heard of one case in which the guy took it euro courts and had is money returned.
Mr Piddington - Wed 3rd Oct 2012
Charles : A Frame trailers are not road legal in Spain at all.
Robster - Mon 1st Oct 2012
When towing trailers / towing caravans the spanish law should be the same the A frame on a tow car are the same break cable hand break the same safety chain the same tow hitch the same light fittings the same??? towing car on for wheels is the same a twin axel caravan ??? please explain the differance?
Charles Piddington - Fri 28th Sep 2012
George > I am guessing that this question is asked in preparation for you re-registering / homologating a UK trailer as a Spanish trailer ? If so, you could either see if the same make & model of trailer is widely sold in Spain or take it your local ITV station. The trailer will require an ITV before it can be registered anyway, and they will know the requirements.
Mekon - Mon 30th Jul 2012
What are the specifications for over 750kgs, such as double axles, hand brake, overide (thrust) brakes etc, as I want to tow my boat, and can't get any answers.
George Fee - Mon 30th Jul 2012
A Trailer of 750kg still needs to be registered if it is intended to be for commercial use.
J Timpson - Sat 21st Jan 2012
Not a lot of help! So, a trailer up to 750 kg (loaded) does not have to be registered, fine, However you state that it does have to have a "Ficha Tecnica". How is this obtained? Lightweight trailers are often sold (New), with no other papers than a receipt, are these then illegal?
John Shorter - Fri 20th Jan 2012
Trevor, if you mean that you were not given any Fichas Tecnicas when you bought the trailer - withouth this you can not ITV the trailer and as such it would not be road legal. If I were you I would take your reciept back to the place where you bought the trailer and ask them to supply the required documents.
Mr Grumpy - Thu 5th Jan 2012
I recently purchased a small trailer from Fuevert at carrefour and was given no paperwork, does this mean that it is not legal ?
Trevor Powell - Mon 21st Nov 2011